6th Grade Language Arts Curriculum
the end of the sixth grade year, students will be able to:
∑ apply grammar, punctuation, spelling, and vocabulary in the writing process.
∑ write simple sentences and paragraphs, and demonstrate their use of technology. present various types of speeches on a variety of topics to their peers.
∑ apply reading skills and comprehension throughout the curriculum through the use of interdisciplinary units, Accelerated Reader, and the district's adopted reading series.
∑ effectively use information gathered through listening, speaking, and viewing.
The core reading standards being tested on the Dakota STEP are in blue type.
Accelerated Reader for reading
comprehension and vocabulary
Interdisciplinary units with novels
Trade books with group discussions and
reading response activities
Vocabulary building activities using all
Functional reading activities
District-adopted reading series:
Interdisciplinary units including novels
Star Reading Test
Accelerated Reader quizzes
Reading assessments from reading series
SRA Performance Tasks - Level 6
Daily oral language
Process writing including self- and peer-editing
Writing across the curriculum
Direct modeling of various writing strategies
Direct teaching of writing research papers
Write Source 2000
Write Source 2000 Rubrics
practice tied to what students are reading
Listening comprehension activities
and criteria for specific speeches and presentations including research
writing: Includes expository
writing and transactional writing. Writing requiring critical analysis
and synthesis of information, factual accuracy and logical progression
of ideas. Examples: science laboratory reports, literary criticism,
research papers, essays (to inform or persuade; not to entertain),
journalism. Writing to get things done, to inform, to persuade, to
advertise or to instruct people.
A specific progression of listening strategies which include
paraphrasing the verbal communication of others, checking for mutual
understanding, asking questions, etc.
Those people who read or hear what has been written or spoken; the
intended target group of a message.
The act or process of knowing, including both awareness and judgment;
The structure or organization of a work of art, music or literature; in
writing, the process or result of arranging ideas to form a clear and
unified impression in order to create an effective message.
writing, the four traditional forms of composition are persuasion,
description, exposition and narration.
In writing, the three major contemporary forms of composition are
personal, creative and transactional.
of language: An accepted
practice in a spoken or written language; in writing, traditionally is
inclusive of mechanics and usage; an accepted way of creating an effect.
the language cues that exist on the printed page; effective use of
context cues depends on an understanding of how language works and on
the reader's background, prior knowledge and experience as related to
text; the environment of a word, i.e., the words, sentences and
paragraphs which surround a particular word and help deepen or create
or poetic forms of writing that express the writer's thoughts and
feelings imaginatively; as a rule, creative writing does not require the
same factual accuracy and logical progression of ideas necessary in
Writing which paints a colorful picture of a person, place, thing or
idea using concrete, vivid details; writing or speech that gives a
verbal picture of character or event and setting in which they occur;
writing which emphasizes the characteristics or qualities of a person,
place or thing in an attempt to create a clear word picture.
Writing which explains; intended to set forth or explain; good
exposition is clear in conception, well organized and understandable.
A French word often used as a synonym for form or type of literature; a
category of artistic, musical or literary composition characterized by a
particular style, form, technique or content; classic literary genres
are tragedy, comedy, epic, lyric and pastoral; contemporary categories
include the novel essay, short story, television play and motion picture
scenario; today's emphasis has shifted from formal textual features to
communicative purposes which has altered the focus and range of the
literature: Poetry, short
stories, novel, play, creative essays, screenplays, etc.
cues: Phonetic cues which
support the understanding that letters represent sounds in the English
alphabetic language; symbols stand for speech rather than pictures or
ideas and have some relationship to pronunciation; the relationship
between written language and the sounds of spoken language.
Of or relating to language.
elements: Character, plot,
setting, theme, style and point-of-view.
authors use words, phrases and expressions to create special emotional
or connotative meaning, i.e., allusion, metaphor, symbolism.
form: The formal structure or
organization of the parts of literary or other artistic work that
unifies them and determines their total effect; the configuration of a
works: Prose and poetic forms
of writing that express the writer's thoughts and feelings
imaginatively; as a rule, literary works do not have the same factual
accuracy and logical progression of ideas necessary in expository
Capitalization, punctuation, italics and other symbols used to convey
Type of writing which relates as
event or series of events; writing or speech that tells a story or gives
an account of something and deals with sequences of events and
experiences, though not necessarily in strict order; forms of narrative
include personal and imaginative.
organization: In linguistics, a
set of predictable and describable relations between elements of
language; to arrange in a particular configuration; methods or modes of
arrangement to achieve a particular function or purpose in writing or
speaking, usually includes cause and effect, chronology or sequence or
placement, description, compare and contrast.
writing: One of the three
contemporary forms of writing that relates personal experience; highly
personal such as in diaries, personal letters, autobiographies, etc.
Writing or speaking in which
reasons or arguments are presented in a logical way; one of the four
traditional forms of composition in writing or speech that develops or
debates a topic in a logical or persuasive way.
Of or relating to spoken language or speech sounds and their written
knowledge: The background
information the learner already has about a topic or subject which
influences and supports comprehension; the knowledge structures the
learner brings to the new learning experience.
The intent, reason or function; in writing, usually includes enjoyment,
entertainment, self-expression, improvement of skills and the
discovering and articulating of thoughts, ideas and feelings; reason for
writing; the goal of writing.
provided by the meaning of other words in the same or nearby sentences;
meaning cues used as learners bring prior knowledge to communication.
The form or organization a writer
uses for literary work; structures or forms used regularly in literature
include fable, parable, romance, satire, farce, slapstick, etc.
In the broadest sense style refers to the characteristic way in which a
person conceives and expresses ideas through language; the
characteristics of a work that reflect its author's distinctive way of
writing, how the author writes (form) rather than what the author
writes; how the writer uses words to form ideas; the qualities and
characteristics that distinguish one writer's work from the work of
cues: Cues provided by the
structure of the sentence; knowledge of how language works, grammatical
structure and word order lets the reader use syntactic cues, e.g., the
word that directs the reader to look for a noun; syntax is the way
language is structured and ordered within a sentence.
Information or writing characterized by objectivity with emphasis on the
subject and devoid of author's opinion or subjectivity; specific
information such as a mechanical operation, scientific process;
description and exposition to present factual information; articles for
a particular type of publication, e.g., a technical report; work-related
writing such as business reports, personnel policies, task instructions,
NOT solely textbooks. All written
of the three contemporary forms of writing; writing to get things done,
to inform, to persuade, to advertise or to instruct people.
The way in which people use language; language is generally standard
(formal and informal) or non-standard; only standard English is
acceptable in writing.
In writing, the distinctive way in which the writer expresses ideas with
respect to style, form, content, purpose, etc.
Process: The writing process
traditionally includes the strategies (stages) of pre-writing, drafting,
revising, editing and publishing; a process used to select, combine,
arrange and develop ideas into effective discourse;
a thinking process; a tool for learning.